Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect From Cannabis Types and Strains in 2022!

Things to think about

Sativa and Indica, the two primary varieties of cannabis, are utilized for both therapeutic and recreational purposes.

Sativas are renowned for their “head high,” an energetic impact that can boost creativity and focus while lowering anxiety and stress.

Indicas are frequently linked to all-encompassing effects, such as promoting profound relaxation and alleviating sleeplessness.

Although there is little research on these impacts, it seems these plants have more in common than first believed.

The designations Indica, Sativa, and hybrid are no longer widely used in the cannabis market. Instead, the various “strains” or, more accurately, “chemovars” are now categorized as follows:

Type I: a lot of THC

Type II THC and CBD mixed,

Type III: a lot of CBD

Since the term “strain” is frequently used to refer to bacteria and viruses, the cannabis industry is increasingly replacing the term “strains” with chemovars (chemical variants).

What should you look for to comprehend the impacts of strain?

It’s a common misconception that Sativa strains are more motivating and stimulating while Indica strains are more tranquil and relaxing.

Even among the same species of cannabis, different plants have different effects. It all depends on the chemical makeup of the plant and the growing method employed.

The many plant types are frequently divided into distinct chemovars or breeds.

Chemovars cannabinoid and terpene compositions serve as distinguishing characteristics. The user will get the greatest information from this “cannabinoid profile” to help them choose the optimal chemovar for them.

Relying solely on names does not give the user enough information to select the appropriate profile. The total effects of the chemovar are determined by these substances.


Numerous chemical substances known as cannabinoids are present in cannabis plants.

The majority of the consequences of cannabis use, both good and bad, are produced by these naturally occurring substances.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), along with a few other less prevalent cannabinoids, have been identified as the two primary cannabinoids, though scientists are still unsure of what all of the cannabinoids do.

These consist of:

THC. The primary psychotropic ingredient in cannabis plants is THC. It’s what causes the “high” or euphoric feeling that comes with cannabis consumption. As producers attempt to produce hybrids with a higher concentration of the substance, THC levels have been rising.

CBD. CBD is neither debilitating nor euphoric. There is no resulting “high” However, it may have a variety of physiologic advantages, including alleviating migraine symptoms and lowering pain and nausea.

CBN. Cannabinol (CBN) is used to treat neurological diseases like epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrollable muscle stiffness while also reducing their symptoms and adverse effects.

THCA. While eerily identical to THC, tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) has no psychotropic side effects. It may lessen inflammation brought on by autoimmune disorders including rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, it might lessen the symptoms of neurological diseases including ALS and Parkinson’s disease.

CBG. Cannabigerol (CBG) is believed to help lessen anxiety as well as the signs and symptoms of depression, PTSD, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.


A lot of focus is placed on how much THC and CBD are present in a particular strain, but a more recent study indicates that terpenes may have an even greater impact.

Another naturally occurring substance in the cannabis plant is terpenes.

The terpenes in the plant have a direct impact on how it smells. They might also affect the results that particular strains have.

Common terpenes, according to Leafly, include:

Bisabolol. The terpene bisabolol, which has chamomile and tea tree oil overtones, is supposed to help lessen inflammation and irritation. It might possibly have antibacterial and painkilling properties.

Caryophyllene. The spicy, peppery compound may lessen anxiety, ease depressive symptoms, and heal ulcers.

Linalool. With its flowery undertones, linalool is thought to help with mood enhancement and relaxation.

Myrcene. The most prevalent terpene, this herbal, earthy molecule may aid in improving sleep quality by lowering anxiety and insomnia.

Ocimene. There are notes of basil, mango, and parsley produced by this terpene. In addition to reducing congestion, it may also protect against bacteria and viruses.

Pinene. This terpene emits a powerful pine fragrance, as its name would imply. It might improve memory, lessen discomfort, and lessen some of the less desirable effects of THC, like nausea and difficulties with coordination.

Terpinolene. Cannabis containing this chemical could have an apple, cumin, and coniferous scent. It might have calming, antimicrobial, and antifungal effects.

Limonene. This terpene gives out lively, citrusy scents. It is supposed to lessen stress and elevate mood.

Humulene. Like hops or cloves, this terpene has a strong woody and earthy aroma. Cannabis strains that contain this chemical may aid in decreasing inflammation.

Eucalyptol. This molecule is revitalizing and refreshing with eucalyptus and tea tree oil undertones. Additionally, it might help combat bacteria and reduce inflammation.

Detail on Sativa

Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains

  • Cannabis sativa originates from hot, arid areas with lengthy sunlight days. These include parts of Western Asia, Southeast Asia, Central America, and Africa.
  • Sativa plants have long, slender leaves that resemble fingers. They take longer to mature than some other varieties of cannabis and can reach heights of more than 12 feet.
  • Sativa often contains lower CBD concentrations and higher THC concentrations.
  • Effects of Sativa use that are frequently mentioned include a “mind high,” or an energetic, anxiety-reducing impact. Sativa-dominant strains may make you feel creative and productive rather than rested and drowsy.
  • Sativa can be used either during the day or at night because of its energizing effects.
  • Popular strains: Acapulco Gold, Panama Red, and Durban Poison are three widely used Sativa varieties.

 Indica In Depth

Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains

  • Cannabis indica is indigenous to Turkey, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. The plants have adapted to the Hindu Kush mountains’ frequently arid, unstable climate.
  • Indica plants are short and stocky, with bushy greens and thick, broad-leaved foliage. They generate more buds per plant, and they grow more quickly than Sativa.
  • Normal CBD to THC ratio: Indica strains frequently contain higher CBD concentrations, although the THC content isn’t always lower.
  • Typical side effects of use: Indica is prized for its incredibly calming properties. Additionally, it could lessen pain and nausea while boosting appetite.
  • Use during the day or at night: Because indica has such strong sedative properties, it is best ingested at night.
  • Three widely used Indica strains are Granddaddy Purple, Afghan Kush, and the Hindu Kush.

Combined In-Depth

Cannabis breeders create fresh, original strains every year from a variety of parent plant combinations. These cannabis hybrids are frequently raised to achieve particular effects.

  •  Sativa and Indica strains are frequently combined to create hybrids, which are then produced in greenhouses or on farms.
  • Hybrid strains’ appearance is influenced by the mix of their parent plants.
  • Typical CBD to THC ratio: Although many hybrid cannabis plants are bred to yield more THC, each variety has a different proportion of the two cannabinoids.
  • Effects of use that are frequently mentioned: Farmers and producers choose hybrids for their distinctive effects. They can include everything from alleviating anxiety and stress to easing radiation or chemotherapy side effects.
  • Use throughout the day or night will depend on the hybrid’s main effects.

Popular strains: Hybrids are often categorized as balanced, Sativa-dominant, or Indica-dominant (or Indica-dom). Pineapple Express, Trainwreck, and Blue Dream are a few well-known hybrids.

Comprehensive Ruderalis

Sativa vs. Indica: What to Expect Across Cannabis Types and Strains

  • Cannabis ruderalis, a third variety, is also recognized. It isn’t commonly utilized, though, because it typically has weak effects.
  •  Ruderalis plants may thrive in harsh conditions like those found in Eastern Europe, Siberia, Russia, and the Indian Himalayas. These plants develop quickly, making them perfect for the chilly, low-light conditions of these locations.
  • These little, bushy plants rarely reach a height of 12 inches, but they expand quickly. From planting to harvest, it takes just over a month.
  • This strain often has more CBD than THC, yet the amount of CBD may not be sufficient to have any effects.
  • Common side effects of use: Since ruderalis has a low potency, it isn’t frequently utilized for therapeutic or recreational purposes.
  • Use at any time of day or night because this cannabis plant has such few side effects.
  • Ruderalis is not a widely used cannabis strain on its own. However, cultivators of cannabis may cross ruderalis with Sativa and Indica strains. The plant’s quick growth cycle is a benefit for growers, therefore they might wish to mix ruderalis strains with more potent strains to make a more appealing product.

Read more: Cannabis Varieties: Explained in Brief in 2022!

Possible negative effects and dangers

Cannabis use is frequently linked to potential advantages, but it can also result in negative side effects.

This comprises:

  • mouth ache
  • wet eyes
  • dizziness
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • lethargy
  • higher heart rate
  • reduction in blood pressure

THC, rather than CBD or other cannabinoids, is primarily responsible for most of these effects. However, adverse effects are possible with any cannabis product.

Your risk for side effects may also increase depending on how it is used.

For instance, cannabis vaping or smoking can irritate your airways and lungs. Coughing and respiratory issues could result from this.

Gummies and cookies are examples of oral cannabis preparations that are less likely to have an impact on your respiratory system as a whole.

However, ingested cannabis, especially THC, is more effective because it converts to 11-hydroxy-THC, which results in higher euphoric effects that can persist for hours or even days in some people. This is true even if the effects are noticed more gradually.

Read more: Cannabis Cannon: A Complete Guide in 2022!

Strains to consider for certain conditions

Strain Category CBD THC Conditions
Acapulco Gold Sativa 0.1% 15–23% Fatigue, stress, nausea, pain
Blue Dream Hybrid <1% 30% Pain, cramps, inflammation, insomnia, mental fog, PTSD
Purple Kush Indica <1% 17–22% Chronic pain, muscle spasms, insomnia
Sour Diesel Sativa <1% 20–22% Fatigue, stress, acute pain, mental fog, anxiety, PTSD
Bubba Kush Indica <1% 14–25% Insomnia, acute pain, nausea, low appetite, PTSD
Granddaddy Purple Indica <0.1% 17–23% Low appetite, restless leg syndrome, insomnia
Afghan Kush Indica 6% 16–21% Acute pain, insomnia, low appetite
LA Confidential Indica 0.3% 16–20% Inflammation, pain, stress
Maui Waui Sativa 0.55% 13–19% Fatigue, depression
Golden Goat Hybrid 1% 23% Depression, anxiety, mental fog, low energy
Northern Lights Indica 0.1% 16% Pain, mood disorders, insomnia, low appetite
White Widow Hybrid <1% 12–20% Low mood, mental fog, social anxiety
Super Silver Haze Sativa <0.1% 16% Stress, anxiety, mental fog, low energy
Pineapple Express Hybrid <0.1% 23% Mental fog, acute pain, social anxiety
Supernatural Sativa <1% 22% Migraine, glaucoma, headaches, low mood

Keep in mind that the potency of cannabinoids and terpenes will vary among growers, and while certain strains may be helpful for certain conditions, your own experience may vary.

How to pick the best item for you

Keep the following factors in mind as you search for the ideal cannabis product for you:

Know what you want to accomplish. You can reduce your alternatives by thinking about what you’re attempting to feel or treat. Discuss your cannabis use objectives with the staff member at the dispensary, including any plans to alleviate insomnia, lessen anxiety, or boost vitality.

Recognize your tolerance. Some strains are regarded as “entry-level,” including Pineapple Express. Usually, their effects are moderate and minor. For a first-time user, strains with higher THC concentrations can be too powerful.

Think about your medical background. Despite being a natural product, cannabis has potent effects. You should think about potential interactions with current medical conditions and drugs before experimenting with cannabis. When in doubt, discuss the specific advantages and potential concerns with your doctor or another healthcare provider.

Select your preferred consumption strategy. Each cannabis consumption method has advantages and disadvantages. You may experience benefits more rapidly if you smoke or vape cannabis, but it can irritate your lungs and airways. Although gummies, chewable, and meals may be more tolerable, their effects may last longer and be considerably stronger than those of inhalation.

Read more: Cannabis Under Microscope: Complete Info in 2022!


Not all places have legalised cannabis. All cannabis-related items were prohibited a few years ago in the majority of the US. Many states today have legalised marijuana for either medical or recreational use, or for both.

Likewise, CBD laws are changing. Some states permit its use for medical reasons, but they strictly control the source to stop CBD products that contain THC.

You should be familiar with the regulations in your state before attempting to buy or consume cannabis.

Keep in mind that marijuana continues to be prohibited by federal law. You can be in legal trouble if you are unaware of the local laws.

If you reside outside of the United States, you can be subject to different laws.

Leave a Comment